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Review Questions for Episodes

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Concept Questions – All Episodes

  • How does this organism feed? Does it have unique structures that help it catch its food?
  • What kinds of senses does this organism have? How do they differ from our senses?
  • How does this animal attract mates and reproduce?
  • What characteristics did biologists use to place this animal in a classification (taxonomic) group?
  • What kind(s) of habitat(s) does this animal need to survive?
  • Do people like or dislike this organism? Why or why not?
  • What would happen if this animal disappeared? Would it affect any other plants and animals?

Questions for Specific Episodes

Sharks and Rays

  • Why is Port Royal Sound a great place for sharks and rays?
  • What are the differences between sharks and a bony fish?
  • How do sharks locate their food?
  • Name three types of sharks and two types of rays found in our waters.
  • What are the ampullae of Lorenzini (found on sharks) and what are they used for?
  • Do sharks ruin local game fish populations?
  • What kind of bait do you use to catch sharks?
  • What species of bony fish hangs around sharks and even sticks on the back of sharks and rays? Why?
  • What is a stingray spine used for?
  • Why don’t sharks need dentists?

Salt Marsh

  • What is the only plant that can survive in the deep salt marsh?
  • Why are the underwater pilings of local docks always covered with lots of animals?
  • Why do periwinkle snails stay up high on Spartina stalks?
  • Name two kinds of crabs found in our marsh.
  • Why do male fiddler crabs have one large claw?
  • How does a squid move through the water? How does it protect itself?
  • What mammal loves to eat fiddler crabs?
  • What happens to Spartina grass after it turns brown and dies back?
  • Name one edible plant from our salt marsh.
  • Why is it important to leave a buffer of grasses, shrubs and trees between your yard and the marsh?


  • What is the best way to catch a mouse or rat? What kind of bait do you use?
  • Why are rats, mice and other small mammals important to the ecosystem?
  • How is a mole designed to live underground?
  • What can a possum do to protect itself from predators?
  • Where do bats spend the daytime hours?
  • What do bats eat? How do they locate their food?
  • How do most mammals feed their babies?
  • Why do raccoons dip food in the water?
  • Do flying squirrels fly or glide?
  • Why do armadillos have such big claws?

Creatures of the Night

  • What does the term nocturnal mean?
  • Name two adaptations that animals have for nighttime activity.
  • How can you locate an alligator when it is really dark outside?
  • How does a female treefrog find a mate?
  • Name two kinds of treefrogs found in local wetlands.
  • What tool could you use to catch a bunch of insects at night?
  • Why do horseshoe crabs come up on local beaches at night?
  • What animals depend on horseshoe crabs as part of their lifecycle?
  • Why are horseshoe crabs so important to people?
  • Why do snakes cross roads at night?

Reptiles and Amphibians

  • What is the best way to catch a snapping turtle? What is a great bait?
  • Name two venomous snakes found in our woods.
  • What do glossy crayfish feed on?
  • Why do green anoles change from brown to green?
  • Where could you find a diamondback terrapin?
  • Where does the chicken turtle get its name? What do these turtles feed on?
  • How can you tell that a glass lizard is a lizard and not a snake?
  • Why do male skinks have such big powerful jaws?
  • Where do most frogs, toads and salamanders lay their eggs?
  • Name four different groups of reptiles found in our woods.